Did you know that floods are the major natural disasters in the United States? Floods are an overflow of water that submerges land, which is typically dry. Individuals who live in non-resistant buildings or floodplains and do not have warning systems or awareness are the most prone to floods.

Why Do Floods Happen?

Floods can happen anywhere in the country, anytime. They usually arise from heavy rainfall, rapid snowmelt, or a storm surge from a tsunami or tropical cyclone in coastal areas. They can develop gradually or quickly, causing outages, disrupting transportation, damaging buildings, or causing landslides.

The most common types of floods are:

  • Flash Floods. Resulting from rapid and excessive rainfall that raises water heights quickly. 
  • River Floods. Consistent rain or snowmelt that forces a river to exceed capacity leads to river floods. 
  • Coastal Floods. They are caused by storm surges connected with tsunamis and tropical cyclones.

Top Effects of Floods

1. Death

Fatalities are the most devastating impact of flooding. Flash floods can claim the lives of people, pets, wild animals, and livestock. For instance, in 2005, over 1,100 fatalities were recorded in Louisiana caused by Hurricane Katrina. According to reports, many of these occurred in the flooded parts of New Orleans, one of the state’s major cities.

In most cases, drowning is the cause of death in flood disasters. It can also result from heart attacks, electrocution, physical trauma, carbon monoxide poisoning, and fire associated with flooding.

2. Health and Safety Threats

If flood water is not cleaned up immediately, it can lead to multiple health concerns, including:

  • Chemical hazards
  • Water and vector-borne diseases, like cholera, typhoid, or malaria
  • Mental health effects associated with emergencies
  • Injuries
  • Infections

3. Residential or Commercial Property Damage

Water damage is the most common reason for structural damage due to floods. This includes your house, business, cars, equipment, and personal belongings. In cases like these, you need professional property repair services. To find the most trustworthy contractors, you can ask for recommendations from individuals you know who have previously worked with them.

Also, you can find them online but beware of unlicensed and uninsured companies. Make sure to check testimonials and reviews from their clients. If you live in New York, PuroClean Orchard Park experts are recommended in the area.

4. Economic Loss

Unfortunately, not all insurance providers cover water damage brought on by floods, putting a huge financial strain on flood damage victims. Ensure that you have proper flood insurance for your house or company by keeping updated on your existing coverage.

5. Psychological Difficulties

Flood victims may struggle in coping with their situation, resulting in:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Fear
  • Anger
  • Frustration
  • Grief
  • Sadness

As a result, these symptoms can interfere with their everyday lives, including trouble sleeping, relationships, loss of appetite, and more.

Are You a Flood Victim?

You never know when it will happen. So, make sure that your flood insurance can cover potential damages to your home when a disaster strikes. Though you can act right away to avoid further damage to your property, water damage needs professionals. Most importantly, never delay water damage clean-up.

On top of these, keep emergency contact numbers at hand, including property restoration companies. If you live in the area, countless water clean up Buffalo companies can be found online.