The skin conditions of horses can captivate your attention while remaining mysterious. The horse’s skin is the odd-looking lump, scruffy patch, or bald spot that appears to be innocuous, and when you do touch the area, it won’t disturb your horse. Are you able to ignore it? Or do you require medical treatment?

Suppose the lump is caused by an underlying fungal, bacterial, or viral illness. In that case, an insect bite, sunburn, allergic response or abrasion, or any other threats that people can unleash on a horse, and the remedy will be different.

Prevalent Skin Diseases in Horses

To properly treat an illness, it is essential to identify the cause, but some conditions with distinct causes could seem strikingly similar. Simply putting your favorite ointment on your skin can cause more harm than good. The most commonly reported skin conditions on horses are listed here.

1. Fungal Dermatitis

The affected areas are spherical and hairless. They have crusty scabby skin. Lesions of the face, neck, shoulder, chest, and beneath the saddle, or girth are the most prevalent, although they may form anyplace in the body. The affected regions can be itchy or painful, but they generally do not cause pain, and the horse is in good condition.

Ringworm is a fungal illness caused by many different microorganisms, most often members of the Trichophyton or Microsporum families. Dermatophytes are fungi that eat keratin, a protein that gives hair and epidermal skin cells their shape. For emergency vet services, you can visit websites like argylevet.com to know more about them.

2. Rain Scald

Rain Scald is a scabby crust that creates raised pimples with matted tufts standing erect. The crusts occur in damp areas, including the top line, where rain runs off the shoulders, barrel, or hindquarters. But they may also form in the legs of lower limbs or faces of horses standing in muck or grazing tall, wet grass frequently.

The crusts break down as time passes, leaving small circular areas of bareness; pus may be visible beneath freshly sloughed scabs. When exposed to water, the pathogenic bacteria multiply fast. An active infection is possible if germs are exposed to a skin breach, such as a tiny insect bite or cut. You can contact this vet clinic in Argyle for Texas and nearby areas to help you with your veterinary needs and queries.

3. Papillomas

The papillomas, commonly referred to as warts, produce the growths of cauliflower that look like gray or pink that are generally tiny, about the size of peas. They can be noticed in isolation or as a group on the nose or around the eyes and the eyes, but they can also be found on the ears or genitals and the lower legs. These growths don’t appear to be bothersome or painful.

The horse papillomavirus can persist for weeks on the skin equipment, buildings, and other equipment and causes warts. Warts are more frequent in horses under the age of three. But, they can develop in adults.

4. Papillary Acanthoma

The ear canals are small, crusty, raised white lesions, with pink, sensitive skin beneath. Aural plaques typically aren’t painful and are only considered a cosmetic concern. On the other hand, bites from flies can aggravate lesions, which can cause horses to refuse to be bridled and have their ears touched.

Both ears will probably be impacted. They’re not going to go out or decrease on their own. Aural plaques can be caused due to equine-specific papillomavirus that is carried by ear-biting insects such as the blackfly. Any breed, age, or type of horse could develop plaques.

5. Dandruff

Skin flakes of small size, usually located at the base of the mane and the tail, and sand-like specks can occur on the girth region or wherever sweat forms in the dry state. Large, waxy crusts appear on the elbows, hocks, or lower legs. They are characterized by oily seborrhoea. If removed, they can create hairless areas of up to several inches in size. Dandruff can cause a foul smell. However, the horse will never be itchy or uncomfortable.

Seborrhea primary is more common when it affects Arabians and Thoroughbreds, heritable. Dandruff can be a lifelong issue for those suffering. Initially present, seborrhea can be compared to secondary seborrhea, dry or oily. 

Horse’s teeth should always be taken good care of. If you look for the best dog dentist in Argyle, the veterinarian can likewise check the wellness of your horse’s dental health. Anyway, vet dentists offer their services to all sorts of animals.