The detection and treatment for testicular cancer are simple. It is the second most common cancer in older, healthy male dogs; however, it could occur. The testicular cancer spectrum includes three distinct types: interstitial Sertoli and Seminoma. Most dogs diagnosed with testicular cancer are in good outlook if no metastases are discovered.

If referring to the testicle held in an abnormal position when stored in an odd place, the term “retained testicle” is commonly used. The Sertoli cancerous cell and Seminoma forms of cancer tend to develop in male dogs who maintain their testicles. Cancers can be affected by breed, age, and exposure to toxic substances.

What Causes Testicular Cancer in Dogs?

Regular physical examinations performed by known facilities, such as Raintree Veterinary Center, are the best way to identify cancer of the testicles in dogs. Veterinarians might notice an oblique or small lump when examining organs, such as the testicles.

Any of these symptoms might not mean that there is the presence of cancer within your pet. There are other conditions at play, but they aren’t life-threatening, and it is essential to be aware. Visit your pet’s vet if you notice the following signs:

  • A non-painful testicular growth or swelling
  • The heaviness of the scrotum or pain
  • Inflammation or pain in the buttocks, groin region, or lower back
  • Other smells in the body that are not normal
  • Eyes discharges or mouth, ears, or rectum that aren’t normal
  • The loss of body weight is sudden and irreparable

Diagnosing Testicular Cancer

Rectal exams are suggested in cases of lymph node swelling thought to result from an infected tumor of the testicle. Veterinarians perform rectal examinations to look at the prostate gland. Bone marrow plays a significant role with Sertoli cell malignancies, and laboratory studies can prove this.

An abdominal ultrasound could detect any testicular masses that have not yet entered the scrotum and any expanding lymph nodes. Another test could be carried out to confirm that the rise in estrogen levels is the cause of female feminization. But there are a variety of dogs that suffer from the increase in estrogen levels. Before surgery, an x-ray of the chest can be taken to verify your pet’s lungs are in good condition. Only take medications from professionals from a veterinary pharmacy in Hoquiam to make sure that all procedures will go smoothly. 

Treatment Options for Dogs with Cancer

Apart from surgery, chemotherapy can be suggested when the tumor is spreading. There is a good chance of recovery following treatment. The procedure is highly efficient and curative for most dogs because of the low instances of metastases.

Once the testicles have been taken out, the pathologist can analyze them to determine the type of cancer. Treatment options like radiation and chemotherapy can be employed, depending on the nature and degree of cancer. If your vet is not able to treat cancer, you’ll likely be referred to a veterinary oncologist. Click this link to learn more. 

The Takeaway

A pet owner’s priority is to keep their dog healthy and happy. The diagnosis of cancer for a beloved pet can be a source of anxiety. While it is stressful as the dog’s cancer may seem, it’s not a reason to need to handle it on your own.

There are many options to help ease your dog’s suffering and remove cancer from him. The best way to ensure that your dog enjoys an extended and healthy life is to ensure that it receives an accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and preventative actions.